Glossary

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Don't know what an NSAID is... how about the ingredients in aspirin? Look no further than our helpful glossary.

A - AAPC through Aspirin

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  • AAPC: American Association of Poison Control Centers

  • API: Active pharmaceutical ingredient

  • Acetaminophen: A drug that elevates the body’s pain threshold and lowers fever. The most widely used pain reliever in the United States

  • Active Ingredient: The drug component(s) of a medicine

  • Analgesics: This category of drugs relieves pain

  • Anti-inflammatory: This category of drugs reduces inflammation, redness, swelling, warmth and pain (NSAID)

  • Antipyretics: This category of drugs reduces fever

  • Aspirin: One of the oldest OTC pain relievers on the market, it works by slowing down the body's production of a pain-causing substance called "prostaglandin”

B - Brand Name Drug through Buffered

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  • Brand Name Drug: A brand name drug sold with a trademark-protected name

  • Buffered: A pain reliever that contains an antacid to reduce the amount of acid in your stomach

D - DMX through Drug Interactions

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  • DMX: Dextromethorphan is an over-the-counter cough suppressant found in cold medications

  • DUI: Driving under the influence

  • DUID: Driving under the influence of drugs

  • DWI: Driving while impaired

  • Diuretic: Drug that causes increased urination

  • Dose (dosage): The amount of medicine to take

  • Drug: A substance for treatment, or prevention, of disease; intended to affect the structure or a function of the body

  • Drug Facts Label: OTC drugs are required to have this label on the product package so that consumers can easily find the product information. Components of the label include: active ingredient, directions, inactive ingredients, purposes, uses, warnings

  • Drug Interactions: When one drug interacts with another it changes the way one or both of the drugs work in the body and can cause unexpected, and sometimes dangerous, side effects

E - Emetic through Extra-strength Drugs

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  • Emetic: Drug that causes vomiting

  • Enteric-coated: A special coating allows pills to pass undigested through your stomach and dissolve in your small intestine, which helps prevent or reduce stomach irritation

  • Excipient: The active ingredient in a drug is suspended in this inactive ingredient

  • Extra-strength Drugs: Drugs that contain more active ingredient than regular-strength products do

F - FDA

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  • FDA: Food and Drug Administration, the Federal agency that is responsible for assuring the safety and effectiveness of drugs

G - GRAS/E through Generic Drug

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  • GRAS/E: Generally recognized as safe and effective

  • Generic Drug: A drug that is the same as a brand name drug in dosage, safety, strength, how it is taken, quality, performance, and intended use

H - Hepatotoxicity

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  • Hepatotoxicity: Toxic to the liver, liver poisoning

I - Ibuprofen

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  • Ibuprofen: A common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), it works by blocking the production of substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation

L - Legend Drug

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  • Legend Drug: Another name for a prescription drug

M - Medicine

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  • Medicine: A substance for treatment, or prevention, of disease; intended to affect the structure or a function of the body

N - NSAID through Naproxen Sodium

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  • NSAID: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin or ibuprofen

  • Naproxen Sodium: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that works by blocking the production of substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation

O - OTC

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  • OTC: Over-the-counter, medicines that are sold without a prescription from a health care professional

P - Pharmacy through Prescription Drug Product

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  • Pharmacy: Drugstore

  • Prescription Drug Product: A licensed drug product that requires a doctor's authorization and prescription to purchase

R - Reye’s Syndrome through Rx

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  • Reye’s Syndrome: Serious disorder affecting children after a viral infection; associated with aspirin

  • Robotripping: A slang term for the abuse of cough syrup

  • Rx: Indicates a prescription drug

S - Side Effects through Strength

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  • Side Effects: Unwanted or unexpected effects from a medicine

  • Skittling: A slang term for the abuse of cough syrup and cold medicine

  • Strength: How much of the active ingredient is present in each dose

T - Timed-release

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  • Timed-release: Also called extended-release or sustained-release, these drugs dissolve slowly over time, allowing the active ingredient to work over many hours

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